NATIONAL

Allama Iqbal Remembered Today

The 79th death anniversary of National Poet Dr Allama Muhammad Iqbal is being observed today all over the country. Allama Iqbal, great poet-philosopher and active political leader, was born at Sialkot, Punjab, in 1877. He descended from a family of Kashmiri Brahmins.

He returned to India after completing his degree as a Barrister in 1908. Besides teaching and practicing law, Iqbal continued to write poetry. He resigned from government service in 1911 and took up the task of propagating individual thinking among the Muslims through his poetry.

He is one of the most important figures in literature with literary works in both Urdu and Persian languages. Asrar-e-Khudi, Payam-i-Mashriq, Bang-i-Dara, Bal-i-Jibril, Zarb-i Kalim and Armughan-e-hijaz were amongst his best works.
He is also Recognised as Muslim Philosophical thinker of modern times. Iqbal is known as Shair-e-Mushriq meaning poet of the east. He is also called Muffakir-e-Pakistan and Hakeem-ul-Ummat and is credited with sparking the Pan-Islamic thought among Muslims of the Subcontinent.

In 1930, Iqbal was invited to preside over the open session of the Muslim League at Allahabad. In his historic Allahabad Address, Iqbal visualized an independent and sovereign state for the Muslims of North-Western India. In 1932, Iqbal came to England as a Muslim Delegate to the third round table conference.

In later years, when the Quaid-e-Azam Muhammed Ali Jinnah had left India and was residing in England, Allama Iqbal wrote to him conveying to him his personal views on political problems and state of affairs of the Indian Muslims, and also persuading him to come back.

On April 21, 1938, the great Muslim Poet-Philosopher and Champion of the Muslim cause, passed away. He lies buried next to the Badshahi Mosque in Lahore.